Volume 44, Number 5, 2009ECORAD 2008 - Radioecology and Environmental Radioactivity
|Page(s)||771 - 776|
|Published online||06 June 2009|
The set of software tools for prompt assessment of possible pollution of the environment in case of an accident at a radioactively dangerous object
Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, 52 B.Tulskaya St., 115191 Moscow, Russia
In case of an accident at a radioactively dangerous object it is necessary to assess promptly possible consequences. Such prompt assessments are almost impossible without appropriate software modelling tools. Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences has developed the set of computer programs that enables experts to assess promptly impact of possible accidents on population and environment. The set of software tools includes: models of radionuclides transport in the atmosphere and water objects (rivers, lakes and ponds). It also includes models of assessment of doses of radioactive exposure of humans. The adequate modelling is not possible without accurate electronic maps of the neighborhood of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Thus the electronic maps of neighborhood of all Russian NPP's are supplemented to the set of tools. The necessary data on local population and water objects surrounding NPP's is also included and stored in GIS-based (Geographical Information System) database. That enables numerical modelling to be done within tens of minutes at most. The GIS enables use of spatial data on fallout of radioactive substances from the model of atmospheric transport to be used as input data for modelling of transport in water objects.
© EDP Sciences, 2009
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