Volume 44, Number 5, 2009ECORAD 2008 - Radioecology and Environmental Radioactivity
|Page(s)||525 - 530|
|Published online||06 June 2009|
Mobility of trace metals in freshwater sediments by coupling solid-liquid exchanges, biogeochemical reactions and interstitial diffusion
IRSN/DEI/SECRE/Laboratoire de Modélisation Environnementale, CE Cadarache, 13115 Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France
2 Universités d'Aix-Marseille I, II, III – CNRS, Laboratoire Chimie Provence – UMR 6264, Équipe «Chimie de l'Environnement Continental», 3 place Victor Hugo, case 29, 13331 Marseille, France
Sediments may act as a sink for nutrients and trace metals after deposition. It may pose a risk for surface water quality and ecosystem health when environmental changes lead to release nutrients and trace metals stored in these sedimentary stocks. The management of the quality of freshwater systems needs to understand the processes of remobilisation of these stocks. This mobility is dependent on the erosion, on the interstitial diffusion of the mobile phases and on the bioturbation. These mechanisms depend on early diagenetic processes that condition the physical and biogeochemical properties of the sedimentary column. These properties are mainly influenced by the redox transformations resulting from oxidation of the organic matter by the microbial activity. These reactions generate vertical profiles of nutrient and metals concentrations along the sedimentary column. This paper aims to propose a modelling and an experimental protocol to determine vertical profiles of nutrients and trace metals in saturated sedimentary columns of freshwater systems. The modelling approach is based on a coupling between bio-geochemical processes , interstitial diffusion [2, 3] and solid-liquid exchanges. The main originality of the model is the pH determination that is directly calculated from the pore water concentrations of the ionic species. As illustration, this paper presents an application to natural sediment cores collected in the Durance Rivers.
© EDP Sciences, 2009
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