Free Access
Volume 44, Number 4, Octobre-Décembre 2009
Page(s) 463 - 478
Published online 09 December 2009
  • AFE (1993) Association française de l’éclairage, Les radiations optiques en médecine. Éditions LUX, Paris.
  • ACGIH (1992) American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Documentation for the threshold limit values, 4th edition, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
  • AFNOR (2004) Norme NF EN 13032-1, Mesure et présentation des données photométriques des lampes et des luminaires – Partie 1 : Mesurage et format de données.
  • AFNOR (2006) Norme NF EN 14255-2, Mesurage et évaluation de l’exposition des personnes aux rayonnements optiques incohérents – Partie 2 : Rayonnements visibles et infrarouges émis par des sources artificielles sur les lieux de travail.
  • Césarini J.P. (2004) Le Sélénium: Actualités, Collection pathologie science. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp. 70–71.
  • CIE (2000) CIE TC6-14 report: blue light photochemical retinal hazard published in the CIE collection in Photobiology and Photochemistry 138/1.
  • CIE (2001) CIE Standard, Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems, CIE DS 009.2/E: 2001 and EN 62471.
  • Cronley-Dillon J., Rosen E.S., Marshall J.E. (1986) Hazards of light: myths and realities. Pergamon Press, London.
  • EU (2006) European Union O.J. Directive 2006/25/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. 05-2006 “On the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to risks arising from physical agents (artificial optical radiation)” (19th individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)”.
  • Ham W.T., Mueller H.A. Sliney D.H. (1976) Retinal sensitivity to damage from short wavelength light, Nature 260, 153–155. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Ham W.T. (1989) The photopathology and nature of the blue-light and near-UV retinal lesion produced by lasers and other optical sources, In: Laser Applications in Medicine and Biology, edited by M.L. Wolbarsht, New-York Publishing Corp.
  • ICNIRP (1997) International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, Guidelines on limits of exposures for broadband incoherent optical radiation (0.38 to 3 µm), Health Phys. 73, 539–555; [PubMed]
  • Marshall J. (1985) Radiation and the ageing eye, Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 5, 241–263. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed]
  • NRPB (2002) National Radiological Protection Board, Health effects from ultraviolet radiation. OX11 ORQ, UK, ISBN 0-85951-475-7.
  • SCENIHR (2008) Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly-Identified Health Risks, Scientific opinion on light sensitivity, septembre 2008, EC-Directorate-General for Heath & Consumers.
  • WHO (1994) Environmental Health Criteria 160: Ultraviolet Radiation, Ch. 10, Human studies: the eye; pp. 181–207.
  • Young R.W. (1981) A theory of central retinal disease. In: New Directions in Ophthalmic Research, edited by M.L. Sears, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, pp. 237–270.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.