Volume 58, Number 1, January - March 2023
|Page(s)||61 - 65|
|Published online||24 February 2023|
Potential increased radiological risk in cargo scanning activity
Nuclear Engineering Graduate Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Faculty Bezerra de Araújo (FABA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3 Nuclear Engineering Graduate Program, Military Institute of Engineering (IME), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4 Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Piauí (IFPI), Teresina, Brazil
5 Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP), School of Economics, São Paulo, Brazil
6 Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Military Institute of Engineering (IME), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 23 October 2022
The image-based cargo inspection systems are generally intended to identify illegal practices. However, imaging processes from the scanning of motorized containers have been used for increasing industrial safety. This is made possible by the application of high-energy particle linear accelerators (linac). Measurements of both the environmental equivalent dose rate (δH*(10), and the integrated environmental equivalent dose (H*(10) were performed. The estimation of δH*(10) and H*(10) in the scanning channel, including the driver’s cab of the truck transporting the container, is critical. The aim of this study is to check the radiological safety for occasional users (drivers) by comparing the levels of δH*(10) and H*(10) with those adopted for public exposure. The study was experimentally conducted in a cargo and container inspection facility that uses a linac operating at the maximum energy of 4.5 MeV. During the in situ measurements, a SpiR-ID identifier detector Model F 8929 MGP manufactured by Mirion Technologies was used. The measurements in the driver’s cab suggest that the procedure can be considered safe. However, a fast transient of δH*(10) was identified recording raised values (peaks) around 210× the threshold for public exposures in the first 9 s of each scanning procedure.
Key words: cargo inspection / radiological protection / radiation risk
© SFRP, 2023
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