Volume 55, Number 2, April-June 2020
|Page(s)||123 - 134|
|Published online||27 March 2020|
A new Monte Carlo tool for organ dose estimation in computed tomography
2 Service de physique médicale, Gustave-Roussy, 94805 Villejuif, France
* Corresponding author: Cindy.LELOIREC@cea.fr
Accepted: 21 February 2020
The constant increase of computed tomography (CT) exams and their major contribution to the collective dose led to international concerns regarding patient dose in CT imaging. Efforts were made to manage radiation dose in CT, mostly with the use of the CT dose index (CTDI). However CTDI does not give access to organ dose information, while Monte Carlo (MC) simulation can provide it if detailed information of the patient anatomy and the source are available. In this work, the X-ray source and the geometry of the GE VCT Lightspeed 64 were modelled, based both on the manufacturer technical note and some experimental data. Simulated dose values were compared with measurements performed in homogeneous conditions with a pencil chamber and then in CIRS ATOM anthropomorphic phantom using both optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLD) for point doses and XR-QA Gafchromic® films for relative dose maps. Organ doses were ultimately estimated in the ICRP 110 numerical female phantom and compared to data reported in the literature. Comparison of measured and simulated values show that our tool can be used for a patient specific and organ dose oriented radiation protection tool in CT medical imaging.
Key words: Monte Carlo simulation / computed tomography / organ dose
© SFRP, 2020
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