Volume 54, Number 2, April–June 2019
|Page(s)||125 - 132|
|Published online||27 May 2019|
Dose calculations in heterogeneous volumes with the GATE Monte Carlo software for radiological protection
Université de Strasbourg,CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178,
2 ALARA Expertise, 7 allée de l’Europe, 67960 Entzheim, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 April 2019
Monte Carlo methods have become widespread in the field of radiation protection and in particular in medical physics where the use of voxelized volumes for the reconstruction of dosimetric quantities is increasing. Changing the resolution of a dose map can be useful to compare dosimetric results coming from voxelized volumes with different resolutions, or to reduce computation time. This can be done by superimposing a dosel grid with a different resolution than that of the voxelized volume. In this case, each dosel will cover several voxels, leading the Monte Carlo code to calculate the dose in heterogeneous volumes. Two algorithms are available in GATE to perform these calculations, the Volume-Weighting (V-W) and the Mass-Weighting (M-W) algorithms, the latter being the subject of this work. In a general way, the M-W algorithm tends to reconstruct a higher dose than that the V-W one. In dosels involving heavy and lightweight materials (air-skin, bone-tissue), the M-W reconstructed dose is better estimated than the V-W one (up to 10% better at the air-skin interface). Moreover, the statistical uncertainty of the M-W dose can be up to 80% lower than the V-W one at air-skin interfaces. These results show that the M-W algorithm is more suitable for radiological protection applications and must be preferentially used in GATE for dose calculations in heterogeneous volumes.
Key words: Monte Carlo / dosimetry / voxel phantoms / radiation / medical / radiation protection
© EDP Sciences 2019
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