Volume 51, Number 2, April-June 2016
|Page(s)||141 - 144|
|Published online||01 April 2016|
Uptake of uranium, thorium, radium and potassium by four kinds of dominant plants grown in uranium mill tailing soils from the southern part of China
1 Southwest University of Science and
Technology Mianyang, Sichuan
2 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University Qiqihar, Heilongjiang 161006, P.R. China.
Accepted: 27 November 2015
The concentrations of radionuclides in soil from uranium mill tailings in South China were analyzed. The results showed that all radionuclides in soil samples exceeded the soil background value. Through the field investigation, four kinds of dominant plants were identified. It was found that the total quantity of radionuclides in the whole plant from high to low were pokeberry, Cibotium barometz, reed and garden sorrel. We also found that Cibotium barometz had the highest transfer factor (TF) for 238U, garden sorrel had the highest TF for 232Th and reed had the highest TF for 226Ra and 40K. Cibotium barometz had the highest bioconcentration factor (BF) for 238U, 232Th and 226Ra, and pokeberry had the highest BF for 40K. Pokeberry had the highest phytoremediation factor (PF) for 238U, 232Th, 226Ra and 40K. On the basis of the above conclusions, pokeberry could be a candidate for phytoremediation of radionuclide-contaminated soils.
Key words: radionuclide / soil / phytoremediation / uranium mill tailings
© EDP Sciences 2016
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