Volume 46, Numéro 6, 2011ICRER 2011 – International Conference on Radioecology & Environmental Radioactivity: Environment & Nuclear Renaissance
|Page(s)||S687 - S693|
|Section||Management and General Considerations|
|Publié en ligne||9 janvier 2012|
Reference methodologies for radioactive controlled discharges an activity within the IAEA’s program environmental modelling for radiation safety II (EMRAS II)
1 Radiation Protection Bureau, Health Canada, 2720 Riverside Dr., AL6604C, Ottawa, Canada, K1A 0K9
2 International, Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
3 Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear, Buenos Aires, Argentina
4 Ukrainian Radiation Protection Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine
5 Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Saint Paul-Lez-Durance, France
6 Slovak Electricity, Mochovce, Slovak Republic
7 Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group, Es Arnhem, The Netherlands
8 KFKI Atomic Energy, Budapest, Hungary
9 Republican Scientific Practical Centre of Hygiene, Minsk, Belarus
10 Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Warsaw, Poland
11 Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, Canada
12 Instituto de Radioproteçao e Dosimetria, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
13 The Environment Agency, Warrington, UK
14 Health Protection Agency, Chilton, UK
In January 2009, the IAEA EMRAS II (Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety II) program was launched. The goal of the program is to develop, compare and test models for the assessment of radiological impacts to the public and the environment due to radionuclides being released or already existing in the environment; to help countries build and harmonize their capabilities; and to model the movement of radionuclides in the environment. Within EMRAS II, nine working groups are active; this paper will focus on the activities of Working Group 1: Reference Methodologies for Controlling Discharges of Routine Releases. Within this working group environmental transfer and dose assessment models are tested under different scenarios by participating countries and the results compared. This process allows each participating country to identify characteristics of their models that need to be refined. The goal of this working group is to identify reference methodologies for the assessment of exposures to the public due to routine discharges of radionuclides to the terrestrial and aquatic environments. Several different models are being applied to estimate the transfer of radionuclides in the environment for various scenarios. The first phase of the project involves a scenario of nuclear power reactor with a coastal location which routinely (continuously) discharges 60Co, 85Kr, 131I, and 137Cs to the atmosphere and 60Co, 137Cs, and 90Sr to the marine environment. In this scenario many of the parameters and characteristics of the representative group were given to the modellers and cannot be altered. Various models have been used by the different participants in this inter-comparison (PC-CREAM, CROM, IMPACT, CLRP POSEIDON, SYMBIOSE and others). This first scenario is to enable a comparison of the radionuclide transport and dose modelling. These scenarios will facilitate the development of reference methodologies for controlled discharges.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011
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