Dangers and problems in Western philosophy normative ethical theories.
|Western philosophy normative ethical theories||Danger/problem|
|Theories that seek reference in “universally applicable principles” (Kantian) deontology, consequentialism (utilitarianism)||Danger: risk of overlooking the particular of specific situations|
|Theories that seek reference in evaluating particular situations
|Danger: risk of self-protective relativism (cultural, social, political)|
|Theories that seek reference in virtues (“being good”)
“Virtue ethics” (Aristoteles)
|Problem: virtues do not always unambiguously translate into concrete action|
|Theories that seek reference in the care for human relationships
“Ethics of care”
|Problem: works for close relations with known people; unclear how it could work for distant relations with strangers|
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