Open Access

Table 1

Main challenges associated with transparency during a nuclear or radiological emergency in MS. Source of data: Perko and Martell (2019).

Challenge associated with transparency during a nuclear or radiological emergency Countries identifying this challenge associated with transparency
Proper information Hungary, Ireland, Cyprus, Poland, Czech Republic
Timeliness of information Cyprus, Estonia, Spain, Czech Republic
Avoiding panic Austria, Bulgaria, Germany
Amount of information Finland, Poland
Reliability of information Croatia, Italy
Avoiding rumours Sweden
Controlled and direct provision of information Czech Republic
Balance between truth and frightening people France
Avoiding confusion, unsettlement, contradictory information
Balance between transparency and reliable communication
Maintain public trust in stress moments and get the main message across Greece
Availability of information Latvia
Security Croatia
Different framework of understanding and identifying public concerns about safety and security issues Lithuania
Balance between the right to be informed and regulations Spain
Plain language Poland
No particular challenges Slovak Republic, Slovenia
n/a Malta, Romania
/ Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, Netherlands

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