Volume 56, Number 4, October - December 2021
|Page(s)||309 - 318|
|Published online||17 June 2021|
Enhanced natural radioactivity in leachate and groundwater of Belgian landfills
Federal Agency for Nuclear Control,
rue Ravenstein 36,
2 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier, 240 avenue du Professeur Emile Jeanbrau, 34296 Montpellier, France
3 Institut Scientifique de Service Public (ISSeP), Rue du Chéra 200, 4000 Liège, Belgium
4 SPAQuE, Avenue Maurice Destenay 13, 4000 Liège, Belgium
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 May 2021
To investigate the potential impact on ground- or surface water of natural radionuclides present in waste disposed onto landfills, activity concentrations in leachates, waste water treatment plant discharge and groundwater of several landfills in Belgium have been analysed. 16 currently in operation landfills for hazardous and non-hazardous waste and 10 legacy landfills have been investigated. Results indicate the presence of a slightly enhanced concentration of uranium and other radionuclides in some leachates of landfills in operation. For legacy landfills, enhanced uranium concentration is also observed in some groundwater wells. The presence of uranium in groundwater around landfills is always accompanied by a contamination with other heavy metals and chlorides. No clear linear correlation between concentration of uranium and other metals could be found however. Isotopic ratio between U-238 and U-234 has been calculated in the different water matrices and is close to one in contaminated groundwater, probably indicating an anthropogenic contamination. In all cases, the concentrations of natural radionuclides do not reach values of concern from radiation protection point of view.
Key words: groundwater / naturally occurring radionuclide / uranium / waste disposal
© SFRP, 2021
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