Volume 54, Number 3, July-September 2019
|Page(s)||211 - 218|
|Published online||19 July 2019|
Assessment of natural radioactivity levels in stony sand from Black Stone Beach of Kuantan, the Peninsular Malaysia
Center for Biomedical Physics, School of Healthcare and Medical Sciences, Sunway University,
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
3 Department of Physics, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Accepted: 17 May 2019
Black Stone Beach (or Pantai Batu Hitam) of Kuantan, Malaysia is a windy but unique beach located on the coastal strip, and has become an attraction for tourists from within and outside the country for many years due to its scenic dark rock formations. Considering the radiological safety of human health, a study was conducted to assess the concentrations of naturally occurring radioactive materials in the beach environment. Activity concentrations of primordial radionuclides 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in the stony sand samples collected from the beach area were assessed by using HPGe γ-ray spectrometry. The measured external gamma radiation dose rates and the activity concentrations were found to ranges 22–31 nGy.h−1 and 9.8 ± 0.6 to 12.4 ± 0.7 Bq.kg−1, 6.8 ± 0.5 to 8.8 ± 0.6 Bq.kg−1 and 209 ± 11 to 354 ± 17 Bq.kg−1 for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, respectively. The mean values of typical radiological indices such as radium equivalent activity (Raeq) and annual effective dose were found to be 17.82 Bq.kg−1 and 10.86 × 10−3 mSv.year−1 which were far below the world average values of 370 Bq.kg−1 and 2.4 mSv.year−1 set by the UNSCEAR, respectively. Present results served as an important reference for any future radiological study in Kuantan, Malaysia.
Key words: Black Stone Beach / stony sand / gamma-ray spectrometry / NORMs / radiation hazards
© EDP Sciences 2019
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