Volume 48, Number 4, Octobre-Décembre 2013
|Page(s)||527 - 544|
|Published online||02 August 2013|
Can the same dose data be estimated from phantoms with different anatomies?
Physics department, School of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 29 April 2013
In this paper, the effect of additional adipose and muscle layers was investigated on the effective dose and the organ absorbed dose. Calculations were performed using the Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code (MCNP) and the ORNL mathematical phantom for external photon and neutron beams. Variations in adipose and muscle tissue thickness were modeled by adding layers of adipose and soft tissues around the torso of the phantom. The effective dose decreased by about 7%–40% when the thickness of the extra layer increased from 0.5 to 5 cm considering all photon energies (10 keV–10 MeV) and neutron energies (10–9–20 MeV) for anterior-posterior, posterior-anterior, left-lateral, right-lateral, rotation and isotropic irradiation geometries. The results calculated here were compared with those reported in previous studies such as those of the VIPMAN, NORMAN05, MASH-3 and ICRP reference voxel phantoms. Our data shows that adding proper adipose or muscle layers to two very different phantoms can cause similar effective dose values, and also more than half of the organ absorbed doses have satisfactory agreement.
Key words: effective dose / organ absorbed dose / addition of adipose layers / conversion coefficients / ORNL modified phantom
© EDP Sciences, 2013
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