Volume 46, Number 6, 2011ICRER 2011 – International Conference on Radioecology & Environmental Radioactivity: Environment & Nuclear Renaissance
|S479 - S482
|Mechanisms and Models
|09 January 2012
Long-term effect of fertilization on 137Cs concentration in Scots pine needles
1 Finnish Forest Research Institute, Parkano Unit, Kaironiementie 15, FI-39700 Parkano, Finland
2 Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, P.O. Box 14, FI-00881 Helsinki, Finland
Long-term observations on the effects of a fertilization treatment on 137Cs concentrations in forest vegetation are scarce. Needles of Scots pine were used as biological indicators of radionuclide uptake of trees. The fertilization experiments are located in western Finland in an area where radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl accident in 1986 was relatively high (22–75 kBq m−2) compared to other parts of Finland. Fertilization treatments included different combinations of major nutrients, i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium. Needle 137Cs concentrations of Scots pine were analyzed during 1991–2006. The effect of fertilization on 137Cs concentration was tested 5 to 20 years after radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Fertilization clearly decreased 137Cs concentration in Scots pine needles 1–21 growing seasons after application. Single K fertilization decreased significantly 137Cs concentration 21 growing seasons after radioactive deposition on a drained mire. Mineral nutrients (application of commercial fertilizer or wood ash) can well be recommended for remediation of forests contaminated by accidental radionuclide deposition. The site conditions need to be taken into account in planning of remediation.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011
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