Volume 44, Number 5, 2009ECORAD 2008 - Radioecology and Environmental Radioactivity
|Page(s)||863 - 867|
|Published online||06 June 2009|
90Sr and 137Cs in deposition, grass and milk in Northern Finland
STUK-Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Research and Environmental Surveillance, Regional Laboratory in Northern Finland, Louhikkotie 28, 96500 Rovaniemi, Finland
Soil-grass-milk is one of the main food chains leading radioactivity in man in Finland. From 1963 onwards dairy and farm milk and from 1972 deposition have been regularly collected at several sites in Northern Finland; some grass and AIV-silage samples have been taken simultaneously. 137Cs and 90Sr have been analysed by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) in the Regional Laboratory in Northern Finland. In this study the activity concentrations and decrease rates of 90Sr and 137Cs were studied in the years following the atmospheric nuclear weapon testings and after the Chernobyl accident in 1986 until 2008. Also the transfer factors were calculated and the ecological half-lives were estimated in the study. The concentrations of 90Sr and 137Cs were highest in the beginning of 1960 due to the nuclear weapon tests. The radioactive fallout in Finnish Lapland from the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 was low. The increase of the 137Cs concentrations in milk was found out in July 1986 and it decreased rapidly after summer 1987. There was no increase of 90Sr concentrations in milk and in deposition after Chernobyl fallout.
© EDP Sciences, 2009
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