Volume 40, May 2005ECORAD 2004
|Page(s)||S135 - S142|
|Published online||17 June 2005|
Bio-geochemical behavior of 90Sr and 137Cs in tropical soil
Instituto de Radioproteção e Dosimetria/CNEN, Av. Salvador Allende s /n°, Recreio,
CEP: 22780-160, Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil, e-mail: email@example.com
2 Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Solos/EMBRAPA, R. Jardim Botânico 1024, CEP:22460-000, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
3 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Ambiental/UFF. Av. Litorânea s/n°, Boa Viagem, Niterói, RJ, 24210-340, Brazil
In this work TF values for 90Sr and 137Cs were measured for reference plants grown in lysimeters containing soils representative of large agricultural areas in Brazil: Ferralsol, Nitisol and Acrisol. These results were discussed in the light of pedological analyses and results from the follow sequential chemical extraction protocol: 1) slightly acidic phase containing readily bioavailable elements; 2) easily reducible phase containing elements bound to Mn oxides; 3) oxidizable phase containing elements bound to labile organic matter; 4) alkaline phase containing mainly elements bound to Fe compounds; 5) resistant phase not potentially available to crops. These results showed that the main soil factors influencing the 137Cs transfer to these soils were: exchangeable K, organic matter and iron oxides content. These results showed that 90Sr plant uptake was influenced by exchangeable Ca. All these finds are in accord with previous studies and seems confirm the vulnerability of Ferralsol and Acrisol to 137Cs contamination
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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