Volume 40, May 2005ECORAD 2004
|S157 - S162
|17 June 2005
Plants ecotoxicology. A case of low doses and multipollutant exposure
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, 249020 Obninsk, Russia
2 Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353, South Korea
3 Institute of Biology, Komi Scientific Center, Ural Division RAS, Kommunisticheskaya 28, 167982 Syktyvkar, Russia
Results of laboratory, “green-house" and long-term field experiments carried out on different plant species (spring barley, Scots pine, bulb onion and others) to study ecotoxical effects of low doses and concentrations of such common environmental factors as acute and chronic g-radiation, heavy metals, pesticides, artificial and heavy natural radionuclides, are presented. Special attention is paid to ecotoxic effects of chronic low dose exposures, synergistic and antagonistic effects of different factors' combined action. The results of long-term field experiments in the 30-km Chernobyl NPP zone and in the vicinity of a radioactive wastes storage facility are discussed. The data presented suggest that the further evolution of investigations in this field would issue in the development of a theoretical bases and practical procedures for environmental protection against radioactivity, taking into account the new experimentally confirmed facts about the presence of such essentially important singularities as the nonlinearity of a dose-effect relationship, radiation-induced genomic instability, phenomenon of radioadaptation, increased probability of synergetic and antagonistic effects of the combined action of different nature factors.
© EDP Sciences, 2005
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