Volume 58, Numéro 1, January - March 2023
|Page(s)||37 - 42|
|Publié en ligne||24 février 2023|
Radiation protection in the operating room: Need for training, qualification and accompaniment for the professionals
Health Science and Technology Team, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Technology, Fez, Morocco
2 Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco
3 Human Pathology, Biomedicine and Environment Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco
4 Engineering Sciences Laboratory, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Taza, University of Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Taza, Morocco
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 October 2022
The objective of this work was to evaluate the knowledge of the professionals working in the operating room about the risks associated to exposure to X-rays, and the radiation protection practices. To meet this objective, we conducted a multicenter study in three Moroccan hospitals. Data collection was carried out with a self-administered questionnaire to the professionals. The results showed that more than a third of the participants ignore the ionizing nature of X-rays; and that the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation are related to cumulative dose. Three percent of the participants were aware about the effective dose limit of ionizing radiation for workers for a year and the annual dose limits to the extremities or to the skin. 45.50% of participants had no knowledge about the most irradiating technique when using the amplifier; 58.21% felt that continuous fluoroscopy mode was the most irradiating. All of the participants declared the absence of a radiation protection referent, and did not use any written procedures guide for the most common radiological examinations in interventional imaging. Multidisciplinary cooperation, at least, between radiology staff and operating room staff appears imperative, and seems to strengthen the system of vigilance and protection against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
Key words: radiological risk / operating room / interventional radiology / radiation protection / ionizing rays
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