Volume 57, Numéro 3, July - September 2022
|217 - 231
|Publié en ligne
|4 août 2022
Complementary lessons learned from the testing strategies used for radiation emergencies and COVID-19: A white paper from The International Association of Biological and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Radiation Dosimetry (IABERD)
Radiology Department, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, USA
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
3 Public Health England Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Oxford, UK
4 Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
5 Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology affiliated to the University of Ulm, Munich, Germany
6 Department for Research on Dosimetry, IRSN, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
7 Department for Research on the Biological and Health Effects of Ionising Radiation, IRSN, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
As COVID-19 emerged, there are parallels between the responses needed for managing SARS-CoV-2 infections and radiation injuries. While some SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals present as asymptomatic, others exhibit a range of symptoms including severe and rapid onset of high-risk indicators of mortality. Similarly, a variety of responses are also observed after a radiological exposure depending on radiation dose, dose heterogeneity, and biological variability. The impact of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) has guided the identification of many biomarkers of radiation exposure, the establishment of medical management strategies, and development of medical countermeasures in the event of a radiation public health emergency. Biodosimetry has a prominent role for identifying exposed persons during a large scale radiological emergency situation. Identifying exposed individuals is also critical in the case of pandemics such as COVID-19, with the additional goal of controlling the spread of disease. Conclusions and significance: IABERD has taken advantage of its competences in biodosimetry to draw lessons from current practices of managing the testing strategy for nuclear accidents to improve responses to SARS-CoV-2. Conversely, lessons learned from managing SARS-CoV-2 can be used to inform best practices in managing radiological situations. Finally, the potential need to deal with testing modalities simultaneously and effectively in both situations is considered.
Key words: dosimetry / EPR spectroscopy / biological dosimetry / radiological emergencies / COVID-19
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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