Open Access

Table 2

Summaries of articles examining dose and radiation effects.

RAPs Reference Animals and plants Estimated dose range Effect
Deer Anderson et al. (2022) Wild boars 0.02–36 μGy/h
Lifetime doses: < 0.1–700 mGy
No elevated mutation rates in loci




Pederson et al. (2020) Wild boars Upper-bound, lifetime radiation dose: 1–1596 mGy No effect on cataract prevalence




Urushihara et al. (2016) Cattle 9.1–155.1 μGy/d
Cumulative dose: 3.5–85.5 mGy
Chronic exposure to low-dose rate resulting in modified plasma protein and enzyme levels




Rats Kawagoshi et al. (2017) Wild rodents 0.008–3.67 mGy/d
Cumulative dose: 1.3–1387 mGy
Increased chromosomal aberrations in splenic lymphocytes with increasing estimated dose rates




Kubota et al. (2015b) Wild rodents 0.02–3.5 mGy/d
Cumulative dose: 2.1–1050 mGy
Increased chromosomal aberrations with increasing estimated dose rates




Sproull et al. (2021) Japanese field mice Lifetime dose: 0.01–0.64 Gy Increased expression of proteomic biomarkers in the serum with increasing estimated doses




Pine trees Yoschenko et al. (2016) Japanese red pine 1.2–20.2 μGy/d Increase of canceling apical dominance with increasing estimated dose rates





Grasses Horemans et al. (2018) Shepherd’s purse 0.027–38 μGy/h No change in genome-wide methylation levels





Bees Hancock et al. (2019) Pale grass blue butterfly 0.0037–0.10 Gy (external dose) Linearly increased mortality rates with increasing estimated historic radiation doses





Ducks Garnier-Laplace et al. (2015) Birds 0.3–97 μGy/h Decreased abundance and species diversity with increasing estimated total dose





Frogs Giraudeau et al. (2018) Japanese tree frogs 0.18–34.20 μGy/h No effects on tissue carotenoid levels




Gombeau et al. (2020) Japanese tree frogs 0.3–7.7 μGy/h Increased DNA methylation and mitochondrial DNA damage with increasing estimated dose




Crabs Fuller et al. (2022) Japanese mitten crabs 0.016–37.7 μGy/h No change in fluctuating asymmetry

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