Open Access

Table 2

Results of an opinion poll of people evacuated from the municipalities of Kawamata, Tomioka, Okuma, Futaba, Namie and Iitate (based on Reconstruction Agency survey results, 2015).

Reasons given for choosing not to return if the evacuation order were lifted right now (multiple choice). [Based on survey conducted by the Reconstruction Agency in 2015] [Question: Why won’t you return once the evacuation order is lifted?] Number of responses out of 8775 respondents multiple answers %
Absence or lack of medical infrastructure 5219 59
Absence or lack of commercial infrastructure 4813 55
Concern about the safety of tap water* 4668 53
Deterioration or destruction of the house 4366 50
Concern about the safety of nuclear power plants 4342 49
Radioactivity, potential dose or ambient dose rates too high* 4308 49
Daily life is more convenient at the evacuation site 3549 40
Nostalgia for traditions, festivals, nature (“we’re not going back to the way things were”) 3403 39
Lack of care services for the elderly [responses from the elderly]. 3186 36
Fear for loneliness (family, friends and former neighbours have left the area) 2860 33
Absence or lack of transport infrastructure 2588 29
Access to the former living place is now too difficult 2456 28
Lack of job prospects 2315 26
Lack of care services and nursing homes 2294 26
School closure, lack of school or educational facilities 1790 20
New life has begun (“I will not come back no matter how things will evolve”) 1587 18
School much better at the evacuation site 1497 17
Concern about the safety of radioactive waste storage or disposal sites* 1315 15
Loss of occupational (farming) activity 1196 14
New job found at the evacuation site 1172 13
Additional reasons 1155 13
Loss of occupational (industry, trade) activity 1154 13
Preference for the evacuation site 1107 13
Might change mind 584 7
New home purchased 492 6
Risk of tsunami or earthquake in the future 297 3
Contamination of forests or rivers* 220 3
Presence of waste storage sites or ISF* 215 2

*Lines indicate reasons that are linked with radioactivity, radiological or radiation protection issues

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