Volume 43, Number 5, 200836th annual meeting of the European Radiation Research Society
|Number of page(s)||1|
|Section||Poster Presentation - Genetic instability and Bystander effects|
|Published online||03 September 2008|
Adaptive strategy of plants growing under influence of chronic irradiation
Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering, Zabolotnogo str.,148, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine
Plant adaptive strategy is based on the specific features of plant genotype and the interaction between plant genotype and environment. Cross-pollinators belongs to those organisms that can easily adapt to any changes of environment because of high level of diversity. On account of wide range of genetic polymorphism cross-pollinators can survive under stress conditions including chronic irradiation and propagate themselves. However apomictic plants which dont have a vast range of genetic variety such as cross-pollinators cover large areas. We analyzed groups of three plant species with different type of reproduction: Onagra biennis, Hypericum perforatum and Hieracium pilosella growing under influence of chronic irradiation in Chornobyl region. The mean of variation coefficient calculated on the base of morphological features was rising with the increasing of the level of contamination for enotera and St.-John's wort while for hawkweed apomictic plants the index was nonvarying. The same pattern was displayed using PCR analysis with RAPD and ISSR-markers. Level of polymorphic loci depended on level of contamination and tended to the increasing for enotera and St.-John's wort plants growing at the most contaminated region whereas there was no changes in the pattern of PCR fragments with DNA from hawkweed. It maybe explained by the fact that hawkweed is known as obligatory apomict. Results obtained by using morphometric and molecular-genetic analysis demonstrated that the increasing of adaptive characteristics of such plant as enotera and St.-Johns wort occurs with the increasing of genetic variability. We suppose that genetic variability among apomictic plants caused by switching-over to sexual reproduction
Key words: radioadaptation / apomictic plant
© EDP Sciences, 2008
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