Volume 37, Number C1, February 2002ECORAD 2001: The Radioecology - Ecotoxicology of Continental and Estuatine Environments
|Page(s)||C1-639 - C1-641|
|Published online||25 March 2010|
Biomonitoring of the Vltava River radioactivity
University of South Bohemia, Department of Physics,
Jeronymova 10, 37115 Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic
2 T.G. Masaryk Water Research Institute, Department for Radioecology, Podbabska 30, 16062 Prague 6, Czech Republic
In 1996-2000, before the nuclear power plant starting in South Bohemia (Czech Rep.), the monitoring of the Vltava River, where the liquid radioactive effluents will be discharged, was accomplished. The biomonitoring of the hydrosphere was made by means of water plants and freshwater bivalve. Under given conditions, the water mosses Hygrohypnum ochraceum and Fontinalis antipyretica seem to be the most suitable plants. As to riverbank plants, Polygonum hydropiper species and the reed Glyceria maxima and Phalaris arundinacea were chosen. The freshwater bivalve Anodonta cygnea (L). Was also sampled. The 137Cs mass activity values of the hydrobionts range from 100 to 101 Bq.kg-1 dry weight and its time course for the plants is descending: the ecological half-life estimations range from 1 to 5 years. As to natural radionuclides: 40K prove the highest values of mass activity (of the order of 102 Bq.kg-1 d. w.), while the radionuclides of actinium series prove the lowest ones (often under the detection limit). The radionuclides of uranium and thorium series are between these two extremities. The radioactivity of bivalve is low and practically constant during the five years period. The biomonitoring of the hydrosphere will be carried on after NPP running in 2001.
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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