Volume 37, Number C1, February 2002ECORAD 2001: The Radioecology - Ecotoxicology of Continental and Estuatine Environments
|Page(s)||C1-185 - C1-190|
|Published online||14 October 2009|
Is it relevant to take into account the multipollution context in freshwater radioecology?
Institute of Protection and Nuclear Safety, DPRE/SERLAB, Laboratory of Experimental Radioecology, Cadarache, bâtiment 186, BP. 1, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance cedex, France
2 Laboratory of Ecophysiology and Ecotoxicology of Aquatic Systems, UMR 5805 du CNRS, Université de Bordeaux 1, Arcachon, France
3 INERIS, Division for Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment, Verneuil-en-Halatte, France
4 Division of Environmental Sciences and Public Health, UMR 5556 du CNRS, Université de Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France
Should realism of radioecological evaluations be enhanced while taking into account the deleterious influence of stable pollutants on aquatic organisms which can be physiologically stressed, and therefore can modify their response to radionuclide bioaccumulation? Transfer experiments in a multipollution context involved metals (Cd, Zn), organic pollutants (PCBs, PAHs, oestrogenomimetics) and radionuclides (radioactive isotopes of Co, Cs, and Ag). The chosen biological models were a freshwater bivalve (Dreissena polymorpha) and a carnivorous fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Chronic metallic waterborne exposures (1-4 µg/L Cd and/or 170-250 µg/L Zn) led to a decrease in radionuclide bioaccumulation with respect to the reference group (Ag and Cs for fish with respectively -60 % and -30 % ; Co for bivalve with -50 %, on average); while no effect was noticed with other radionuclide/organism pairs (Co for fish, Cs and Ag for bivalve). Prior exposure to organic micropollutants enhanced 57Co and 134Cs uptake kinetic parameters from water and retention time in fish ; the radionuclide contamination levels of exposed groups were always higher than those obtained from the reference groups (+10 % to +60 % as a function of the organic micropollutant). Some explanations are given for these first results that underline the relevancy of this new research field.
© EDP Sciences, 2002
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