Open Access

Table 1

Selected case studies.

Case study No. 1: A manufacturing company in Iitate, continuing its activity in an evacuated area
In the village of Iitate, a plant manufacturing prototypes and moulds for electronic material, was able to continue its activities even during the period of evacuation of the village (from April, 2011 to March, 2017). This decision was made by the plant manager in consultation with the employees themselves, and with the support of the mayor of Iitate who wanted to maintain business activities in the village.
Case study No. 2: An international company located in Iwaki, at the border of the evacuated zone
Although located in Iwaki city, more than 40 km from the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP, an international company specializing in the manufacture of car navigation systems suffered from the consequences of the nuclear accident. Activities at the plant were stopped in the first days following the accident, and restarted 2 weeks after. The company implemented various protective actions addressing radiological protection issues for the employees, their families, and for the consumers with the help of experts from the Nagasaki University.
Case study No. 3: A quarry located in Namie, contaminated during the emergency phase
In the Namie town, for areas located outside 20 km northwest of the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP, the evacuation order was late and came into effect on April 22, 2011. Therefore, from March 14 to April 22, 2011, the activity of the quarry has continued, operated without any radiological control. Following measurements of materials coming from this quarry, restrictions have been established in a later phase to avoid dissemination of contaminated crushed stones.
Case study No. 4: A commercial store installed in Tomioka in an evacuated area
In July 2016, a businessman from Tomioka resumed his activities with the opening of a grocery store in the city, while the evacuation order was still in effect in the zone. In this context, the radiological management of his employees has been a challenging issue.
Case study No. 5: Forestry and timber industry
More than 44% of the forests from the Fukushima Prefecture were severely contaminated. While decontamination was limited, some forest activities have been restricted as well as the shipment of non-timber forest products. For the timber industry, specific radiological criteria were set up.
Case study No. 6: Tourism sector
The tourism sector was particularly affected by the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP accident. To overcome this situation, the Fukushima region launched various information and communication campaigns. As a result, in 2018, the number of tourists visiting the Fukushima Prefecture has returned to the same level as before 2011.

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